Understanding the symptoms associated with diabetes mellitus turns out to be very important because the symptoms resemble some of those presented by other diseases and conditions.
By understanding diabetes mellitus symptoms, one can notice the symptoms early enough, enabling effective treatment and management of the condition.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus present identical symptoms. However, symptom manifestations occur at different stages. While some who develop type 1 diabetes mellitus early in life can live to outgrow the condition, others do not and may take long to notice symptoms. The same does for type 2 diabetes mellitus that mostly affect adults.
Both type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus present symptoms along the following lines:
Sugar provides the body with the necessary energy for undertaking of various everyday tasks. However, the same has to be converted into glucose before being used by body cells. For this vital conversion to take place, insulin must be present.
Because diabetes mellitus condition occurs due to high levels of sugar in the bloodstream for lack of insulin, diabetic patients do experience fatigue, general body weakness, loss of appetite and increased flu-like symptoms that may be accompanied with minor headache.
Health and Wellness
Diabetes mellitus condition patients may experience either weight gain or loss. Weight gain occurs because the body tries to compensate for lost fluid and glucose, thereby demanding increased food intake. This results in overeating, which can lead to weight gain. Overeating can also lead to loss of weight. This occurs because body cells receive no glucose necessary for proper growth of body muscles. Weight gain or loss symptom happens to be common in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus condition impacts negatively on patient’s vision. This occurs because of drainage of body fluids from body tissues, including from eye lenses. This definitely affects patient’s ability to focus properly. If not properly managed in good time, diabetes mellitus can damage blood vessels leading to the eyes, which can cause blindness. Apart from eye blood vessels, other small blood vessels in other parts of the body can be affected. This includes damage to small blood vessels in the feet and hands, which results in loss of sensation.
Diabetes mellitus condition weakens the body’s immune system, making it incapable of fighting disease-causing organisms. Most diabetic patients develop sores that take long to heal. Even after healing, the same re-emerge. In addition to sores, some patients do experience swollen gums, which can easily be infected by other organisms. This can easily lead to loss of teeth.
Diabetes mellitus symptoms management
Diabetic mellitus symptoms can cause severe pain and discomfort to patients with the condition. With proper education and knowledge on the condition however, patients can effectively manage the conditions and live trouble-free normal life. In this respect, maintenance of high hygiene standard, undertaking regular exercises with suitable diet are vital. These management techniques can safely be undertaken along with any diabetes mellitus medications prescribed.